EDITORIAL USE ONLY Early 20th century Indian scientists. Sitting (from left): Meghnad Saha (1893-1956, astrophysicist), Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858-1937, polymath), Jnan Chandra Ghosh (chemist). Standing (from left): Snehamay Dutta (physicist), Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974, quantum physicist), Debendra Mohan Bose (1885-1975, particle physicist), Nikhil Ranjan Sen (mathematical physicist), Jnanendra Nath Mukherjee (1893-1983, colloid chemist), Nagendra Chandra Nag (chemist). These scientists were part of the Bengal Renaissance, a general increase in literary and scientific achievement in India in the late 19th and early 20th century.